Control Shape
Decipher Script
Disable Device
Escape Artist
Gather Information
Handle Animal
Iaijutsu Focus
Martial Lore
Move Silently
Open Lock
Sense Motive
Skill Tricks
Sleight of Hand
Speak Language
Use Magic Device
Use Psionic Device
Use Rope

Craft (Int)

You are trained in a craft, trade, or art, such as alchemy, armor-smithing, basketweaving, bookbinding, bowmaking, blacksmithing, calligraphy, carpentry, cobbling, gemcutting, leatherworking, locksmithing, painting, pottery, sculpting, shipmaking, stonemasonry, trapmaking, weaponsmithing, or weaving.

Like Knowledge, Perform, and Profession, Craft is actually a number of separate skills. For instance, you could have the skill Craft (carpentry). Your ranks in that skill don't affect any Craft (pottery) or Craft (leatherworking) checks you might make. You could have several Craft skills, each with its own ranks, each purchased as a separate skill.

A Craft skill is specifically focused on creating something. If nothing is created by the endeavor, it probably falls under the heading of a Profession skill.

Check: You can practice your trade and make a decent living earning about half your check result in gold pieces per week of dedicated work. You know how to use the tools of your trade, how to perform the craft's daily tasks, how to supervise untrained helpers, and how to handle common problems. (Untrained laborers and assistants earn an average of 1 silver piece per day).

The basic function of the Craft skill, however, is to allow you to make an item of the appropriate type. The DC depends on the complexity of the item to be created. The DC, your check results, and the price of the item determine how long it takes to make a particular item. The item's finished price also determines the cost of raw materials. (In the game world, it is the skill level required, the time required, and the raw materials required that determine an item's price. That's why the item's price and the Craft DC are used to determine how long it cakes to make the item and the cost of the raw materials.)

In some cases, the fabricate spell can be used to achieve the results of a Craft check with no actual check involved. However, you must make an appropriate Craft check when using the spell to make articles requiring a high degree of craftsmanship (jewelry, swords, glass, crystal, and so forth).

A successful Craft check related to woodworking in conjunction with the casting of the ironwood spell enables you to make wooden items that have the strength of steel.

When casting the spell minor creation, you must succeed on an appropriate Craft check to make a complex item. For instance, a successful Craft (bowmaking) check might be required to make straight arrow shafts.

All crafts require artisan's tools (page 129, Player's Handbook) to give the best chance of success. If improvised tools are used, the check is made with a -2 circumstance penalty. On the other hand, masterwork artisan's tools provide a +2 circumstance bonus on the check.

To determine how much time and money it takes to make an item, follow these steps.

1. Find the item's price in Goods or Special Items, or have the DM set the price for an item not otherwise described. Put the price in silver pieces (1 gp = 10 sp).

2. Find the DC from the table below, or have the DM set one.

3. Pay one-third of the item's price for the cost of raw materials.

4. Make an appropriate Craft check representing one week's work. If the check succeeds, multiply your check result by the DC. If the result x the DC equals the price of the item in sp, then you have completed the item. (If the result x the DC equals double or triple the price of the item in silver pieces, then you've completed the task in one-half or one-third of the time. Other multiples of the DC reduce the time in the same manner.) If the result x the DC doesn't equal the price, then it represents the progress you've made this week. Record the result and make a new Craft check for the next week. Each week, you make more progress until your total reaches the price of the item in silver pieces.

If you fail a check by 4 or less, you make no progress this week. If you fail by 5 or more, you ruin half the raw materials and have to pay half the original raw material cost again.

Progress by the Day: You can make checks by the day instead of by the week. In this case your progress (check result x DC) is in copper pieces instead of silver pieces.

Creating Masterwork Items: You can make a masterwork item - a weapon, suit of armor, shield, or tool that conveys a bonus in its use through its exceptional craftsmanship, not through being magical. To create a masterwork item, you create the masterwork component as if it were a separate item in addition to the standard item. The masterwork component has its own price (300 gp for a weapon or 150 gp for a suit of armor or a shield) and a Craft DC of 20. Once both the standard component and the masterwork component are completed, the masterwork item is finished. Note: The cost you pay for the masterwork component is one-third of the given amount, just as it is for the cost in raw materials.

Repairing Items: Generally, you can repair an item by making checks against the same DC that it took to make the item in the first place. The cost of repairing an item is one-fifth of the item's price. When you use the Craft skill to make a particular sort of item, the DC for checks involving the creation of that item are typically given on the following table.

ItemCraft SkillCraft DC
Alchemist's fire, smokestick, or tindertwigAlchemy¹20
Antitoxin, sunrod, tanglefoot bag, or thunderstoneAlchemy¹25
Armor or shieldArmorsmithing10 + AC bonus
Longbow or shortbowBowmaking12
Composite longbow or composite shortbowBowmaking15
Composite longbow or composite shortbow with high strength ratingBowmaking15 + (2 x rating)
Simple melee or thrown weaponWeaponsmithing12
Martial melee or thrown weaponWeaponsmithing15
Exotic melee or thrown weaponWeaponsmithing18
Mechanical trapTrapmakingVaries²
Very simple item (wooden spoon)Varies 5
Typical item (iron pot)Varies10
High quality item (bell)Varies15
Complex or superior item (lock)Varies20
¹ You must be a spellcaster to craft any of these items.
² Traps (DMG) contains a set of rules for how to construct traps.

Action: Does not apply. Craft checks are made by the day or week (see above).

Try Again: Yes, but each time you miss by 5 or more, you ruin half the raw materials and have to pay half the original raw material cost again.

Special: A dwarf has a +2 racial bonus on Craft checks that are related to stone or metal, because dwarves are especially capable with stonework and metalwork.

A gnome has a +2 racial bonus on Craft (alchemy) checks because gnomes have sensitive noses.

You may voluntarily add +10 to the indicated DC to craft an item. This allows you to create the item more quickly (since you'll be multiplying this higher DC by your Craft check result to determine progress). You must decide whether to increase the DC before you make each weekly or daily check.

To make an item using Craft (alchemy), you must have alchemical equipment and be a spellcaster. If you are working in a city, you can buy what you need as part of the raw materials cost to make the item, but alchemical equipment is difficult or impossible to come by in some places. Purchasing and maintaining an alchemist's lab grants a +2 circumstance bonus on Craft (alchemy) checks because you have the perfect tools for the job, but it does not affect the cost of any items made using the skill.

Synergy: If you have 5 ranks in a Craft skill, you get a +2 bonus on Appraise checks related to items made with that Craft skill.


Use of the Craft skill is intended to represent trades and arts ranging from alchemy to gemcutting, painting to weaponsmithing. Anything you make or use has its basis in the Craft skill. In addition to concrete goods, Craft covers artistic endeavors such as writing and musical composition.

Check: The basic function of the Craft skill is to allow you to create items of the type appropriate to that skill. The DC for this check depends on the complexity of the item created. As with the standard use of the Craft skill, the DC, your check results, and the value of the composition determine how long it takes to compose a musical or written work. The table below summarizes DCs and values for common types of compositions. All the values are expressed as ranges. You can choose your target value for your composition.

Raw Materials: The only raw materials required for a written composition are pen, ink, and parchment. In the course of one week's work, you spend about 2 gp on materials. Use this cost rather than the cost of the normal materials (a total of one-third of the item's price). If you are making checks by the day, you spend about 3 sp per day.

Composition TypeValueCraft DC
Poem5 sp - 2 gp12
Novel5 gp - 15 gp15
Reference book25 gp - 100 gp18
Epic50 gp - 500 gp20
Song5 sp - 5 gp12
Quartet or quintet composition5 gp - 15 gp15
Symphony25 gp - 100 gp20
Dramatic monologue1 gp - 5 gp15
Comedic play10 gp - 30 gp15
Dramatic play15 gp - 50 gp15

Action: Does not apply. Craft checks are made by the day or week (see above).

Try Again: Yes, but each time you fail a check by 5 or more, you must start over from the beginning of the creation process.

Special: You can voluntarily add 10 to your Craft DC to create an item more quickly, as with the normal skill use.

Expanded Description - Complete Adventurer

By voluntarily raising the difficulty of the task before you, you can craft items more quickly than normal. This option first appeared in the Epic Level Handbook, but this use of the Craft skill is open to characters of any level provided that they are willing to accept the appropriate penalty.

Quick creation+10 or more to DC

Quick Creation: You can voluntarily increase the DC of crafting an item by any multiple of 10. This tactic allows you to create an item more quickly (since you'll be multiplying this higher DC by your check result to determine progress). You must decide the increase before you make the check.

Craft (Poisonmaking): The fine art of refining raw materials into effective poisons requires both patience and care (not to mention discretion, in areas where poisons are outlawed). Making poisons with the Craft (poisonmaking) skill follows the rules in the Player's Handbook for all Craft skills, with the following exceptions.

Price: The cost of raw materials varies widely depending on whether the character has access to the active ingredient - that is, the venom or plant that actually provides the toxin. If a supply is readily available, the raw materials cost one-sixth of the market price, not one-third. Otherwise, the raw materials cost at least three-quarters of the market price-assuming the substance in question is for sale at all.

Amount: To figure out how much poison you are able to create in a week, make a Craft (poisonmaking) check at the end of the week. If the check is successful, multiply the check result by the DC for the check. That result is how many gp worth of poison you created that week. When your total gp created equals or exceeds the market price of one dose of the poison, that dose is finished. (You may sometimes be able to create more than one dose in a week, depending on your check result and the market price of the poison.) If you fail the check by 4 or less, you make no progress that week. If you fail the check by 5 or more, you ruin half the raw materials and have to buy them again.

Craft (Poisonmaking) DCs
PoisonDC to CreatePriceTypeDC to ResistInitial DamageSecondary Damage
Arsenic15120 gpIngested131 Con1d8 Con
Black adder venom15120 gpInjury121d6 Con1d6 Con
Black lotus extract354,500 gpContact203d6 Con3d6 Con
Bloodroot15100 gpInjury1201d4 Con + 1d3 Wis
Blue whinnis15120 gpInjury141 ConUnconsciousness
Burnt othur fumes252,100 gpInhaled181 Con*3d6 Con
Carrion crawler brain juice15200 gpContact13Paralysis0
Dark reaver powder25300 gpIngested182d6 Con1d6 Con +1d6 Str
Deathblade251,800 gpInjury201d6 Con2d6 Con
Dragon bile301,500 gpContact263d6 Str0
Drow poison1575 gpInjury13UnconsciousnessUnconsciousness 2d4 hr.
Giant wasp poison20210 gpInjury141d6 Dex1d6 Dex
Greenblood oil15100 gpInjury131 Con1d2 Con
Id moss15125 gpIngested141d4 Int2d6 Int
Insanity mist201,500 gpInhaled151d4 Wis2d6 Wis
Large scorpion venom20200 gpInjury141d4 Con1d4 Con
Lich dust20250 gpIngested172d6 Str1d6 Str
Malyss root paste20500 gpContact161 Dex2d4 Dex
Medium spider venom15150 gpInjury121d4 Str1d4 Str
Nitharit20650 gpContact1303d6 Con
Oil of taggit1590 gpIngested150Unconsciousness
Purple worm poison20700 gpInjury251d6 Str2d6 Str
Sassone leaf residue20300 gpContact162d12 hp1d6 Con
Shadow essence20250 gpInjury171 Str*2d6 Str
Small centipede poison1590 gpInjury101d2 Dex1d2 Dex
Striped toadstool15180 gpIngested111 Wis2d6 Wis + 1d4 Int
Terinav root25750 gpContact161d6 Dex2d6 Dex
Ungol dust201,000 gpInhaled151 Cha1d6 Cha, +1 Cha*
Wyvern poison253,000 gpInjury172d6 Con2d6 Con
*Ability drain, not ability damage.

Expanded Description - Stormwrack

Many craft skills are required to fabricate various parts of a ship - carpentry for the hull and masts, blacksmithing for the iron fittings and nails, sailmaking for the sails, even ropemaking for the thousands of feet of hawsers, stays, and line necessary to rig the ship correctly. However, small craft such as canoes, rafts, and skiffs are all covered under Craft (boatbuilding).

A boatbuilder can handle any vessel of Huge size or smaller, although a single boatbuilder working on a ketch or launch of Huge size might take six months or more to finish the work. Building a larger ship requires the skills of a shipwright (see Knowledge). The chief difference between a shipwright and a boatbuilder is that the boatbuilder rarely works off of any sort of plans, instead using various rules-of-thumb and his own skilled eye to build a serviceable vessel.

Some sample Craft DCs for rafts and boats that can be created with the Craft (boatbuilding) skill appear below.

ItemCraft DC
Crude raftDC 5
Dugout canoeDC 8
CoracleDC 10
Well-made raftDC 10
SkiffDC 12
LaunchDC 15
WarcanoeDC 15
PinnaceDC 20

Expanded Description - Races of the Dragon

The crafting talents of kobolds run toward mining and trapmaking. However, they have also made, or at least claim to be responsible for, many alchemical advances. Bitterleaf oil is used throughout kobold society to keep everyone's scales shiny. Some kobold communities use fire beetle lamps, while sundark goggles are standard issue for those engaging in daytime raids on the surface. Ditherbombs represent an inexact advance in the science of demolitions, but the kobolds see them as a huge step in both mining and defense.

ItemCraft (alchemy) DC
Bitterleaf oil15
Ditherbomb, weak15*
Ditherbomb, strong20*
Ditherbomb, wyrm25*
Fire beetle lamp10
Sundark goggles15
*You can't take 10 on a Craft (alchemy) check made to create a ditherbomb.

Try Again: In addition to the normal parameters of the Craft skill, if you fail a Craft (alchemy) check to create a ditherbomb by 5 or more, the partially created ditherbomb explodes, dealing damage as if it were a completed ditherbomb. The explosion destroys the alchemical lab being used for the ditherbomb's creation.

Expanded Description - Artisan Craftsman

From Dragon #358

The system of custom item creation presented in the article Master's Forge by Rodney Thompson revolved around adding new special item qualities to weapons and armor produced by a particular craftsman by putting ranks into a specific Craft skill and taking the Artisan Craftsman feat.

In order to apply a special item quality to a crafted item, the item must be crafted with the masterwork component. Each item quality modifies the cost and the Craft DC of the masterwork component in some way. Whenever a craftsman creates a masterwork item, he may select any number of item qualities to add, each one modifying the cost and craft DC of the masterwork component in turn. The chosen item qualities are imbued when the masterwork item is crafted.

Acid washed+100 gp+200 gp+200 gp+100 gp+5-
Basket hilt---+50 gp+3Swords
Blood groove--+100 gp+5Swords
Caster armor+400 gp+800 gp+1,000 gp-+7Armor
Deceptive---+800 gp+7Weapons
Enhanced bracing---+100 gp+3Spears, polearms
Environmentally designed+100 gp+100 gp+100 gp-+5Armor
Folded metal---+200 gp+7Metal weapons
Lightweight+200 gp+200 gp+500 gp-+7Armor
Long-range---+100 gp+3Bows, crossbows
Ornate+400 gp+600 gp+600 gp+500 gp+5-
Perfect balance---+100 gp+5Melee
Razor sharp- --+1,000 gp+6Bladed slashing
Reinforced+800 gp+1,000 gp+1,200 gp-+10Armor
Resilient+200 gp+200 gp+200 gp+200 gp+5-
Segmented+200 gp+200 gp+300 gp-+5Armor
Serrated---+600 gp+5Piercing, slashing
Vital coverage+200 gp+400 gp+1,000 gp-+7Armor

Skills Index
Character Creation